Nursing Research Designs Research Paper

Requirement
a) Two or more supporting scholarly references are required
b) No more than two direct quotes are allowed
c) This assignment should be 3-4 pages in length not including the title page and references page.
 Research Paper Guideline
1) For the introduction paragraph section, write a paragraph introduction incorporating your learning and using mostly your own words to summarize:
a) The need for nursing research.
b) The importance for nurses to understand the basic principles of research.
c) The purpose of your paper

Nursing research is a vital process in nursing that entails the technique used to deliver evidence essential in supporting nursing practices. Research in nursing increases the ability to build the body of knowledge and the subsequent enhancement in promoting the utilization of evidence-based practice in nursing. Melnyk and Fine out-Overholt (2011) defined evidence-based practice in nursing as an approach to solving problems that involve the use of best evidence obtained from well-designed nursing studies. As a result, nursing research fosters the improvement of nursing care delivery, encouraging enhancement in the patient care outcome, and the ability to meet the need and preferences of a patient in the processing receiving care. Understanding the basic principle of conducting research is imperative for nurses because the skills foster the ability to perform reliable and valid analysis, implying that the results could inform and build the body of nursing knowledge. The purpose of the paper is to examine different nursing study designs, including quantitative research, qualitative design, and sampling techniques used in the course of conducting nursing research.

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2) For the quantitative research section, write a paragraph incorporating your learning and using mostly your own words to summarize:
a) The importance of quantitative research
b) One type of quantitative design; explain one important feature of this type of design
c) How quantitative research can help improve nursing practice

Burns and Grove (2010) noted that quantitive research is a systematic and formal research approach that involves the collection and analysis of numerical information essential in the process of investigating a selected phenomenon. The quantitative research utilizes mathematical models to answer the research question as well as build-essential insights suitable for informing safe practice. As a result, quantitative analysis in nursing plays a vital role, including the ability to test for a conditional statement essential in building the body of knowledge and enhancing the provision of evidence-based practice. In most cases, quantitative research strengthens the capacity to perform experiments that inform the best practices in nursing care.

Experimental research design is one of the quantitative research designs used in nursing research. Primarily, an experimental research design entails the aspect of developing a study examining causal validity.  Also referred to as internal validity, casual validity involves the approximation of truth concerning the cause and effect. Besides, the experimental research design allows for a pretest and posttest experiment aimed at comparing results before and after implementing a control. Pretest comprises of observations made before experimenting while the posttest encompasses the views after an experiment. For instance, in examining a new drug, a group of patients receives treatment from a selected drug while another group treated using another medication and an observation made on the reaction between the two groups of patients.

In nursing, quantitative research plays an essential role in informing evidence-based practice. Besides, performing quantitative analysis in nursing aid in improving the outcome of care while building the nursing body of knowledge. Moreover, quantitative research improves overall service delivery in a healthcare facility.

3) For the qualitative research section, write a paragraph incorporating your learning and using mostly your own words to summarize:
a) The importance of qualitative research.
b) One type of qualitative design; explain one important feature of this type of design.
c) How qualitative research can help improve nursing practice.
In nursing practice, qualitative research is another important technique in research that heightens in exploring human behavior, among other attributes. The primary purpose of using qualitative research in nursing is to gain an in-depth understanding of a specific issue. Qualitative research entails the provision of descriptions and narratives regarding a subject under investigation. In nursing, the research design enhances the ability to examine past experiences of patients and nurses, thereby increasing the comprehension of some attributes while building on the body of knowledge (Fain, 2017). Often, qualitative research incorporates the living experiences of patients essential in enhancing patient outcomes by using evidence in addressing similar patient conditions leading to improved patient outcomes. An ethnographic research method is one of the commonly used qualitative research design in nursing, which involves the aspect of understanding the culture of a patient, customs, mutual differences, and habits depicted by a patient.
Moreover, qualitative research plays an essential role in nursing care because understanding a patient's culture, among other attributes, offers a direction on how nurses should treat a selected patient, promoting the clinical outcome and overall patient satisfaction. Besides, the research enhances the ability to build the nursing body of knowledge, helping toward attaining the objectives of offering evidence-based nursing practice.

4) For the research sampling section, write a paragraph incorporating your learning and using mostly your own words to summarize:
a) What is sampling and why is sampling important.
b) One sampling strategy used in quantitative research.
c) One other sampling strategy that you learned.
Moule, Aveyard, and Goodman (2016) defined sampling as a technique used in statistical analysis that entails selecting a portion from a larger population under investigation. Often, researchers use a sample to represent an entire population, especially research works that involve minimal time and an expansive community that cannot be covered within the limited duration. Sampling is essential in research because it is practically impossible to include an entire population under investigation for data collection; thus, sampling enhances selecting a representative sample used for collecting information to represent the whole population in a study.

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In quantitative research, a simple random sampling technique is one of the commonly used sampling methods. Notably, simple random sampling is a probabilistic technique that provides every member of a population an equal chance for being selected to participate in the research work (Moule, Aveyard & Goodman, 2016). Simple random sampling minimizes biases by allowing everyone in a population an equal chance to participate in research. Purposive sampling technique is another method of sampling that entails the non-probability procedure that is most effective in performing qualitative studies aimed at examining various cultural domains, among other elements from a population.

5) For the credible nursing practice section, write a paragraph incorporating your learning and using mostly your own words to summarize:
a) How research can help to make nursing practice safer.
b) Why research is critical for creating an evidence-based nursing practice.
Conducting investigation plays a vital role in making nursing practice safer. Notably, research in nursing foster the ability to build the body of knowledge as well as growth the experience of the nurses. Through nursing research, nurses can be in a position to hypothesize issues, theories and studies because the research enhances the capability to collect evidence leading to better nursing care, improve standard as well as the application of evidence to improve patient care.

Moreover, different research plays a critical role in building an evidence-based nursing practice, for instance, investigations on clinical practices incorporating various designed studies. Besides, analysis of problem-solving approaches forms another critical area that informs evidence-based nursing practice essential in informing better results in the course of solving patient and clinical related issues. Another area of nursing research that builds an evidence-based nursing practice includes the assessment of patient preferences and values vital in enhancing the delivering of patient-centered care, an essential attribute of providing evidence-based nursing care.

6) For the conclusion section, write a short, concise, thorough summary of the main points of the paper.
Nursing research in the recent past has gained momentum intending to deliver evidence-based nursing care. Notably, the research work in nursing increases the ability to build the body of knowledge and the subsequent enhancement in promoting the utilization of evidence-based practice in nursing. Nonetheless, the research involves two primary research designs, which include quantitative research as well as a qualitative research technique. Quantitative research encompasses numerical analysis using a mathematical model, while qualitative research entails gathering information involving narrative and description essential in informing an in-depth insight about an issue under investigation. Sampling is another vital attribute in nursing research, which is a process of choosing a sample from an entire population to conduct a study. Overall, nursing research enhances the ability to create evidence-based nursing practice while building on the body of knowledge.

Reference List
Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2010). Understanding nursing research-eBook: Building an evidence-based practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Fain, J. A. (2017). Reading, understanding, and applying nursing research. FA Davis.
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (Eds.). (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Moule, P., Aveyard, H., & Goodman, M. (2016). Nursing research: An introduction. Sage.