NR 508 Rational Drug Selection in Advanced Pharmacology Questions with Answers
1. An NP would prescribe the liquid form of ibuprofen for a 6-year-old child because:
a) Drugs given in liquid form are less irritating to the stomach.
b) A 6-year-old child may have problems swallowing a pill.
c) Liquid forms of medication eliminate the concern for first-pass effect.
d) Liquid ibuprofen does not have to be dosed as often as the tablet form.
Answer. A 6-year-old child may have problems swallowing a pill.
2. In deciding which of multiple drugs used to use to treat a condition, the NP chooses Drug A because it:
a) Has serious side effects and it is not being used for a life-threatening condition
b) Will be taken twice daily and will be taken at home
c) Is expensive, but covered by health insurance
d) None of these are important in choosing a drug
Answer. Will be taken twice daily and will be taken at home
3. A client asks the NP about the differences in drug effects between men and women. What is known about the differences between the pharmacokinetics of men and women?
a) Body temperature varies between men and women.
b) Muscle mass is greater in women.
c) Percentage of fat differs between genders.
d) Proven subjective factors exist between the genders.
Answer. Percentage of fat differs between genders.
4. The first step in the prescribing process according to the World Health Organization is:
a) Choosing the treatment
b) Educating the patient about the medication
c) Diagnosing the patient’s problem
d) Starting the treatment
Answer. Diagnosing the patient’s problem
5. Treatment goals in prescribing should:
a) Always be curative
b) Be patient-centered
c) Be convenient for the provider
d) Focus on the cost of therapy
Answer. Be patient-centered
6. The therapeutic goals when prescribing include(s):
d) All of the above
Answer. All of the above
7. When determining drug treatment, the NP prescriber should:
a) Always use evidence-based guidelines
b) Individualize the drug choice for the specific patient
c) Rely on his or her experience when prescribing for complex patients
d) Use the newest drug on the market for the condition being treated
Answer. Individualize the drug choice for the specific patient
8. Patient education regarding prescribed medication includes:
a) Instructions written at the high school reading level
b) Discussion of expected adverse drug reactions
c) How to store leftover medication such as antibiotics
d) Verbal instructions always in English
Answer. Discussion of expected adverse drug reactions
9. Passive monitoring of drug effectiveness includes:
a) Therapeutic drug levels
b) Adding or subtracting medications from the treatment regimen
c) Ongoing provider visits
d) Instructing the patient to report if the drug is not effective
Answer. Instructing the patient to report if the drug is not effective
10. Pharmacokinetic factors that affect prescribing include:
a) Therapeutic index
b) Minimum effective concentration
d) Ease of titration
11. Pharmaceutical promotion may affect prescribing. To address the impact of pharmaceutical promotion, the following recommendations have been made by the Institute of Medicine:
a) Conflicts of interest and financial relationships should be disclosed by those providing education.
b) Providers should ban all pharmaceutical representatives from their office setting.
c) Drug samples should be used for patients who have the insurance to pay for them, to ensure the patient can afford the medication.
d) Providers should only accept low-value gifts, such as pens and pads of paper, from the pharmaceutical representative.
Answer. Conflicts of interest and financial relationships should be disclosed by those providing education.
12. Under new U.S. Food and Drug Administration labeling, Pregnancy Categories will be:
a) Strengthened with a new coding such as C+ or C- to discern when a drug is more or less toxic to the fetus
b) Changed to incorporate a pregnancy risk summary and clinical considerations on the drug label
Answer. Changed to incorporate a pregnancy risk summary and clinical considerations on the drug label