Hearing and Eye Age Related Diseases Discussion

Description
After studying Module 5: Lecture Materials & Resources, discuss the following:
• Define presbycusis, name signs and symptoms, etiology and differential diagnosis.
• Create 3 interventions-education measures with a patient with Presbycusis.
• List, define and elaborate on three different retinal and macular diseases age-related.

Define presbycusis, name signs and symptoms, etiology, and differential diagnosis
Presbycusis, also termed the presbycusis refers to the cumulative hearing loss occurring in aged people. It is an irreversible and progressive bilateral and symmetrical age-associated condition of sensorineural loss of hearing.

The signs and symptoms of presbycusis include loss of sound directionality, difficulty when using the telephone, speech becoming dull or attenuated, speech discrimination in the noisy background area, hyperacusis, tinnitus, as well as dizziness. Hearing and Eye Age Related Diseases Discussion. Additionally, the speech of some high-pitched sounds such as ‘th’ and ‘s’ become hard distinguished while some sound turns to be overly annoying and loud.

There are many causes associated with presbycusis, but the most prevalent is the age-related changes occurring within the inner ear which is the most common change. Also, some changes take place within the middle ear and along the nerve way to the brain.

Notably, other vital contributors to the development of presbycusis include hereditary factors, loss of sensory hair cells, heart diseases or diabetes, and gradual effects of environmental noise (Cheslock & De Jesus, 2020). The differential diagnosis for presbycusis conditions includes trauma, noise exposure, perilymph fistula, metabolic dysfunction, perilymph fistula, Ménière disease, noise exposure, otosclerosis, as well as genetically-inherited hearing loss. Hearing and Eye Age Diseases

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Create three intervention-education measures with a patient with presbycusis.
Despite the high impact and prevalence of presbycusis, there exists no direct treatment for reversing the condition. However, simple recognition for the disorder can be a positive step since this disorder to the elderly is mistaken for cognitive impairment. When the presbycusis diagnosis is made, the patient can try to identify and avoid additional instances that contribute to hearing loss to help them survive with this disorder.

For example, training in the usage of speech reading, such as using virtual cues in determining what is being said in various places. Also, the patient should avoid noisy places to reduce the noise exposure to reduce worsening their presbycusis condition (Shen et al., 2018). Notably, the patient should be educated on hearing aids to boost the hearing function to ameliorate depression and withdrawal conditions related to presbycusis. Hearing and Eye Age Related Diseases

List, define, and elaborate on three different retinal and macular diseases age-related.
Many retinal and muscular disorders are associated with age since age increases the risk of retinal disorders. Some of the diseases include diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, as well as macular degeneration related to age. Diabetic retinopathy is a potential diabetes complication that damages blood vessels in the retina that supplies it with blood and oxygen. As such, it leads to minimal visual disturbances, which ends up in total blindness.

The risk of this disorder increases with the age of the person. This has been answered in accordance with the guidelines for Hearing and Eye Age related discussion.

Notably, retinal detachment occurs due to sudden retina breakage away from the backside of the eye. It leads to blurred vision, floaters, shadowy as well as flashes appearances over the visual field. When the disorder is not treated, it can lead to permanent blindness. Age-related macular degeneration is an incurable disorder of the eye which develops due to deterioration of the central part of the macula or retina. The disease compromises the patient’s vision, making it hard for the person to figure out finer details.

References
Cheslock, M., & De Jesus, O. (2020). Presbycusis. StatPearls Publishing https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559220/ (Links to an external site.)
Shen, Y., Ye, B., Chen, P., Wang, Q., Fan, C., Shu, Y., & Xiang, M. (2018). Cognitive decline, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and presbycusis: an examination of the possible molecular mechanism. Frontiers in neuroscience, 12, 394.https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.00394